The classical or Spanish guitar is the guitar that was the origin of all other versions of the Spanish guitar such as the flamenco guitar, the archtop guitar and the steelstring guitar.
The quality of the top is of the utmost importance for the sound. Massive parts vibrate better and provide better projection of the sound. The top should be able to vibrate well on one side but also strong enough to absorb the tension of the strings. That is why we opt for the construction of high-quality guitars for spruce, cedar or Spanish pine. For the back and sides of the sound box, rosewood is often used (Rio, Indian, Madagascar). The strings of a classical guitar are made of nylon. In earlier years of sheep intestine.
The sound hole is sometimes decorated with a rosette, which is a remnant of the Moorish influence on guitar development.
In addition to the modern classical guitar (model by Antonio de Torres Jurado), we also distinguish the rennaissance lute, the baroque lute, the vihuela, the four-string (four-chorus) guitar, the five-string (five-chorus) guitar and the romantic guitar. The music for these instruments is also performed on the modern classical guitar, although this is often accompanied by scordatura (tuning), transposition or octave of certain bass notes.
Andrés Segovia is the man who brought the classical guitar back to the concert stages in the 20th century. Well-known contemporary guitarists such as John Williams and Julian Bream followed lessons with him.